Tuesday, March 4, 2008

1945 Reproductions of the Japanese Surrender Documents Ending WWII

The surrender signing ceremony aboard the deck of the USS Missouri lasted twenty-three minutes and was broadcast throughout the world.

The instrument was first signed by the Japanese foreign minister Mamoru Shigemitsu "By Command and on behalf of the Emperor of Japan and the Japanese Government" and then General Yoshijiro Umezu, Chief of the Army General Staff, "By Command and on behalf of the Japanese Imperial General Headquarters" at 09:04. Afterwards, U.S. General Douglas MacArthur, Commander in the Southwest Pacific and Supreme Commander for the Allied Powers, also signed.

After MacArthur's signature as Supreme Commander, the following representatives signed the instrument of surrender on behalf of each of the Allied Powers:

Fleet Admiral Chester Nimitz - United States
General Hsu Yung-Ch'ang - Republic of China
Admiral Bruce Fraser - United Kingdom
Lieutenant General Kuzma Derevyanko - Soviet Union
General Sir Thomas Blamey - Australia
Colonel Lawrence Moore Cosgrave - Canada
General Philippe Leclerc de Hautecloque - France
Vice Admiral C.E.L. Helfrich - Netherlands
Air Vice-Marshal Leonard M. Isitt - New Zealand

General Douglas MacArthur signs as Supreme Allied Commander during formal surrender ceremonies on the USS MISSOURI in Tokyo Bay. Behind General MacArthur are U.S. Lieutenant General Jonathan Wainwright and British Lieutenant General A. E. Percival. (Photo from The National Archives)

Japanese Foreign Minister Mamoru Shigemitsu signs the Instrument of Surrender on behalf of the Japanese Government, ending World War II. (Photo from The National Archives)

1 comment:

Major Pepperidge said...

I remember my grandpa telling me about how everybody celebrated on VJ day, how happy everybody was!