Friday, December 4, 2009

American Bell

The formation of the Bell Telephone Company superseded an agreement between Alexander Graham Bell and his financiers, principal among them Gardiner Greene Hubbard and Thomas Sanders. Renamed the National Bell Telephone Company in March 1879, it became the American Bell Telephone Company in March 1880.

1891 American Telephone and Telegraph Company Pamphlet.

In 1880, the management of American Bell created what would become AT&T Long Lines. The project was the first of its kind to create a nationwide long-distance network with a commercially viable cost structure. This project was formally incorporated into a separate company christened American Telephone and Telegraph Company on March 3, 1885. Starting from New York, the network reached Chicago, Illinois in 1892.

1898 American Telephone and Telegraph Company Pamphlet.

On December 30, 1899, the American Telephone and Telegraph Company bought the assets of American Bell; this was because Massachusetts corporate laws were very restrictive, and limited capitalization to ten million dollars, forestalling the growth of American Bell itself.

LINK: Cartography Associates, David Rumsey Collection.

1 comment:

Major Pepperidge said...

I remember seeing a heavy porcelain sign with that blue "long distance telephone" bell logo, somewhere in the city of Ventura. It was obviously very old, and I always coveted it! Last time I went, it was gone. Stolen, probably (along with a cool "Santa Fe" sign that used to be on a railroad bridge over the 101).